What is Sarcoma? – Best Cancer Specialist in Pune

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What is Sarcoma? – Best Cancer Specialist in Pune

Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that affects the connective tissues that support and surround the human body. It can affect any part of the body, including muscles, bones, tendons, cartilage, blood vessels, etc. It affects people of all ages (although rare in adults). Symptoms vary depending on the location of cancer in the body. The survival rates for sarcoma patients vary depending on the type and stage of cancer.


Sarcomas are divided into two main types – Soft Tissue Sarcoma and Bone Sarcoma. While both types of cancer can be life-threatening, they have different causes, symptoms, treatments and prognoses. Understanding the differences between these two types of sarcomas is important for early diagnosis and effective treatment.

Soft Tissue Sarcomas- These are cancers that develop in the body’s soft tissues, including muscles, fat, nerves, tendons, and blood vessels. Some of the common Soft Tissue Sarcomas include Leiomyosarcoma, Synovial sarcoma, Gastrointestinal stromal tumour, Liposarcoma, Neurofibrosarcoma, Angiosarcoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Vascular Sarcoma, etc. 

Bone Sarcomas- These are cancers that develop in bones and can be divided into two categories: Primary Bone Cancer (cancer that originates in the bones) and Secondary Bone Cancer (cancer that spreads to the bones from another part of the body). Osteosarcoma is more prevalent in children and teenagers than adults. Some of the common Bone Sarcomas include Chondrosarcoma, Fibrosarcoma, and Ewing sarcoma. 

Consult the best Oncologists in Pune if you notice any symptoms of Sarcoma. 


While the exact cause of sarcoma is hard to determine in every patient, several risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing this disease. These include inherited syndromes, chemical inhalation or use, radiation therapy, exposure to human herpesvirus 8 viruses, chronic swelling, etc. It is important to understand these risk factors to reduce your chances of developing sarcoma.


Sarcomas can be difficult to diagnose, as patients often do not develop obvious symptoms early. However, some common symptoms and signs may include:


  • Uncomfortable Breathing
  • A feeling of fullness or constipation
  • Swelling and pain under the skin
  • Swelling near the lungs that leads to prolonged cough
  • Lumps under the skin that are painless but noticeable
  • Swelling or increase in the lump size that pressures the muscle or nerve.


  • Compared to soft tissue sarcoma, bone sarcoma is easy to diagnose. The symptoms develop at an early stage and are quite visible. Some of the common symptoms include:
  • Pain in/around the affected bone
  • Severe boneache and intense soreness(especially during the night)
  • Painful swelling
  • Pain in walking if the sarcoma is in the leg.

Other common signs and symptoms include fatigue, weight loss, fever, and night sweats. It is important to be aware of these signs and seek medical attention if any of them are present. Early diagnosis is key to successful treatment for bone sarcoma.


Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy are some of the most common treatments used for sarcoma. Surgery is most commonly used to remove tumors and may be combined with radiation therapy or chemotherapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. Depending on where the tumor is located and how advanced it is, the best cancer specialist in Pune can recommend one or more treatments to help you fight this disease. 

Do not delay your treatment, seek treatment at Galaxy Care Hospital. We are a trusted hospital for cancer treatment. Our state-of-the-art facilities, cancer expertise, and compassionate cancer care are trusted by thousands of patients across the country. We understand the emotional toll of cancer and strive to provide comfort and support throughout your journey. Feel free to get in touch and consult our oncologists today!

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