Head And Neck Cancer: Things You Should Know
Did you know- about 200,000 cases of head and neck cancer are reported in India each year? The burden is growing rapidly. Head and Neck Cancer are types of cancer that generally begins in the squamous cells that line the mucosal surfaces of the head and neck. It can affect any part of the head and neck, including the mouth, nose, throat, larynx (voice box), salivary glands, and sinuses. It is a serious condition that can cause pain and difficulty in speaking or eating. If left untreated it can spread to other parts of the body. Early detection is crucial for the successful treatment of most head and neck cancers.
RISK FACTORS OF HEAD & NECK CANCER
It is estimated that most head and neck cancers are caused by smoking or chewing tobacco. Tobacco smoke contains many carcinogens that can cause DNA damage in the cells of the mouth, throat, and respiratory tract. This damage can lead to mutations that can cause cancerous tumors.
Lack of Nutrition
It has been found that inadequate intake of certain essential nutrients can increase the risk of developing this type of cancer. A diet low in fruits, vegetables, and other nutrient-rich foods for vitamins A and B can lead to a deficiency. Additionally, consuming too many processed foods may increase the risk as well.
Poor Oral Hygiene
Poor oral hygiene can lead to an accumulation of bacteria in the mouth, which can cause inflammation and damage to the cells in the mouth, leading to cancer. It is important to practice good oral hygiene habits such as brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing regularly, as this can help reduce the risk of developing head and neck cancer.
Excessive Exposure to Sun
Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun can damage skin cells and increase your risk of developing cancer in areas such as your head, neck, ears and lips. Protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays by wearing protective clothing, hats and sunglasses. Additionally, avoid tanning beds and limit your time in direct sunlight to reduce your risk of developing Head & Neck Cancer.
SYMPTOMS OF HEAD AND NECK CANCER
Symptoms of Head & Neck Cancer can vary depending on the type and location of the tumor. Common symptoms include:
- Persistent sore throat or hoarseness
- Difficulty swallowing
- Ear pain
- Facial swelling or numbness
- Chronic sinus infections
- Lumps in the neck or throat area
- Unexplained weight loss
If you experience any of these symptoms for weeks or over a month, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Early detection can be key to successful treatment outcomes. Consult the Best Oncologist in Pune for diagnosis.
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR HEAD AND NECK CANCER
Depending on the type and stage of cancer, treatments can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination of these. Most commonly, surgery is performed in the affected area to remove the cancerous cells and other affected cells. It is often difficult to only cure it with surgery and hence radiation therapy or chemotherapy can be given for a complete cure. It is recommended to choose the Best Cancer Hospital in Pune for treatment.
CONSULT A CANCER SPECIALIST IN PUNE
When it comes to Head and Neck cancer treatment, choosing the right hospital is a critical decision. It can be difficult to make the right choice, especially if you are unfamiliar with the different treatment options available. At Galaxy Care Hospital, we are passionate about proving world-class cancer treatment to our patients and saving lives. We have the best oncologists and oncosurgeons for Head and Neck cancer treatment in Pune. Feel free to book your appointment today. We are in this together!